The monastery is an archaeological building carved with

The monastery is an archaeological building carved with

9/27/2021, 9:34:07 AM
The monastery is an archaeological building carved with rocks dating back to the Nabataean civilization in Jordan, specifically in the first century BC. It is located in the archaeological reserve of Petra, in the south of the country. The monastery is one of the most famous landmarks of the city. History :- The building was established in the first half of the first century BC. It is believed that the facade of the monastery was transformed into a monastery for monks during the Byzantine period in the Levant, due to the presence of traces of crosses carved in rock in the only room in the basement of the facade. The square in front of the façade is also believed to have been tiled. Architecture: - Architecturally, the monastery follows the classic Nabataean style, which is represented by a mixture of Hellenistic and Mesopotamian styles of construction. The Hellenistic influence can be seen in the monastery's columns, which were constructed in an abstract Corinthian style, and these columns are believed to have been incorporated for aesthetic purposes, since the entire structure is carved Directly into the sandstone slope and does not require the support traditionally provided by columns in free-standing Hellenistic structures. The façade as a whole is characterized by Doric earths (an infrastructure containing moldings and bands located above the capitals) but no metope shapes, only simple round circles.

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