The Great Sphinx of Giza Cut from the bedrock, the original

2/20/2021, 9:05:05 AM
The Great Sphinx of Giza Cut from the bedrock, the original shape of the Sphinx has been restored with layers of blocks , It measures 73 m (240 ft) long from paw to tail, 20 m (66 ft) high from the base to the top of the head and 19 m (62 ft) wide at its rear haunches , It is the oldest known monumental sculpture in Egypt and is commonly believed to have been designed, sculpted, and constructed by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the pharaoh Khafre (c. 2558–2532 BC). The Sphinx is a monolith carved into the bedrock of the plateau, which also served as the quarry for the pyramids and other monuments in the area. The nummulitic limestone of the area consists of layers which offer differing resistance to erosion (mostly caused by wind and windblown sand), leading to the uneven degradation apparent in the Sphinx's body, The lowest part of the body, including the legs, is solid rock ,  The body of the animal up to its neck is fashioned from softer layers that have suffered considerable disintegration ,  The layer in which the head was sculpted is much harder ,  A number of "dead-end" shafts are known to exist within and below the body of the Great Sphinx, most likely dug by treasure hunters and tomb robbers. Prior to 1925, a large gaping shaft similar to these existed on the top of the Sphinx's head. It is believed to have possibly been an anchoring point for a sculpted crown or headdress added during the period of the

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