Babylon was the largest city in the world in 2 different

Babylon was the largest city in the world in 2 different

3/6/2021, 3:46:25 PM
Babylon was the largest city in the world in 2 different centuries, with 200 thousand inhabitants in both periods. Appearing around 2300 BC until its conquest in 539 BC, it existed for almost two millennia. Originally a provincial city of the Akkadian Empire, it was transformed into an Empire in 1894 BC, with King Hammurabi being one of the most striking of the reign, deeply influencing civil law in antiquity. Located between trade routes, as well as in the Fertile Crescent, civilization has become an important economic and cultural center. The city was known for its vibrantly colored buildings, water channels and cosmopolitan population. Its most iconic buildings were Esagila, a temple complex dedicated to the god Marduk, and the Etemenanki ziggurat, 91 meters high (both in the illustration) beyond the Ishtar Gate. In 604 BC the Empire reached its peak under Nebuchadnezzar II, who built monuments such as the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World. The Persian king Cyrus the Great conquered and dominated Babylon in 539 BC, fully incorporating it into the Achaemenid Empire. Over the centuries, its ruins have been damaged by different peoples and natural events. In 1983, in the Iran-Iraq War, Saddam Hussein, in a desire for grandeur, decided to restore much of the complex. However, his "reconstruction" lacked any historical precision, using modern materials and creating new buildings that were homage to himself, such as "Saddam's Palace". With the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the United States, his plans were interrupted. However, the US Alpha camp was set up on top of the ruins of Babylon. The areas were leveled to create landing platforms for helicopters and parking lots for war tanks, an action criticized internationally by professionals and institutions. Today, much of the visible ruins of civilization are mixed with Saddam's recent reconstructions (as in the current photo) and other concrete ones by the United States. There are plans to restore the site, although the process is practically paralyzed. Posted by @geopizza

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