Kaunos: An Ancient City of Ruins and Rock Cut Tombs

6/3/2021, 7:35:01 AM
Kaunos: An Ancient City of Ruins and Rock Cut Tombs . Kaunos was once a thriving port city in Southwestern Anatolia near Dalyan, Turkey, between the Mediterranean and Aegean seas. Its ruins tell a tale of a rich and opulent history with its many archaeological structures and elegant Kaunian rock-cut tombs. Life in this port city dates back to the tenth century BCE. However, it was finally abandoned around 1500 CE. Today, the site reveals a multi-cultural tapestry of life that once occupied this area. There are different versions of the legend, however, they all have to do with the incestuous love of Caunus and his twin sister, Byblis. Caunus was the son of Miletus and Eidothea, daughter of the Carian king, Eurytus. Byblis fell in love with her brother. But when she declared her love, Caunus rejected her and ran away to a far off land. He named that land Kaunos. In her desperate passion, she went to look for him but had no luck in changing his heart. She wept many tears of despair that became the Dalyan River. A Brief History of Kaunos Human activity in this region dates back to around the tenth century BCE. The Kaunians settled there beginning around the sixth century BCE. But real architectural structures did not surface until around the fourth century BCE. The Greek historian, Herodotus, wrote that he believed the Kaunians were the indigenous people of the region. Their language and culture indicated that they had a close association with their neighbors, the Carians. However, Herodotus pointed out differences between the two cultures in their social customs. Kaunos peaked during a time of expanding maritime trade. It was in a strategic place between the two seas, and there were many desirable goods at Kaunos that could provision a long overseas journey. They traded dried fish, salt, dried figs, agricultural products, materials for shipbuilding and repair, and slaves. Many governments wanted control of this wealthy port city. Thus, it changed political hands many times during its existence. Source : historicmysteries website Photographer unknown

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