Lamassu • Brief Identification The Lamassu is a mythical

6/29/2021, 9:54:08 AM
Lamassu • Brief Identification The Lamassu is a mythical creature present in ancient Assyrian architecture. • These towering creatures were over four meters tall and depicted a beast with the body of a bull or lion, the head of a man, and the wings of an eagle. • The Lamassu served as the symbolic protector of a kings palace and where prominent in Assyrian architecture in the 800s and 700s B.C.E. • Local Historical Context • Within the Assyrian Empire the Lamassu were a symbol of a king's intiiation to power and legitimacy of rthe ule , The human head symbolized intellect, the wings symbolized speed, and the body of a lion or bull symbolized strength and power , The Lamassu is a five -egged creature and can be seen in motion from the side with four legs spread out as if it were walking, however from the front it appears to be standing still . • Technical Evaluation • Paul Emile Botta of France discovered the Palace of Sargon II in 1843. • While on a search for remnants of the ancient Assyrian Empire, Botta was tipped off about a location in Khorsabad by a local farmer. After a shallow dig in the area, Botta discovered a massive structure of hallways lined with low relief  sculptures, carved in gypsu mslabs. What Botta had found was the Palace of Sargon II, which was built sometime around 710 B.C.E. After Botta's discovery, France allocated funds for more research on the discovery. • Some of the Sculptures here brought back to the  Louvre in France to be put on display, howeve,r the two massive Lamassu, weighing sixteen tons each, were too heavy to be transported. • The Lamassu ase later bought by British Resident, Sir Henry Rawlinson, in 1849 and sad into smaller, lighter pieces which here much easier to transport [See Reade 1998, 6-7]. The Lamassu of Sargon II's palace can today be found at the Louvre, in Paris, France. Source : HISTORY 2701 WIKI website Photographer 📸 unknown

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